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Zmirou Report - French Health General Directorate

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January 2001

The report's objective:

  • To define research that proved the existence or absence of medical and biological effects following exposure to RF emissions relating to mobile phone technology and to highlight research in this area which is ambiguous.

Conclusions and recommendations:

  • They do not back the hypothesis that there is a health risk for populations living in the vicinity of base stations.
  • The general overall objective for the future should be to reduce average exposure of the public to the lowest possible level compatible with service quality.
  • They do not support The Stewart Report (May 2001) site sharing recommendation as installing several antennas in the same place can result in higher emissions.
  • Sensitive buildings (schools, hospitals) located less than 100 metres from a base station should not be in the path of the beam of highest intensity.

Full report available in French and English at:

No Established Adverse Health Effects

Mobile phones operate by using radio waves, a form of non-ionising radiation. There is a large body of scientific evidence on the effects of exposure to radio waves because they have been widely used for decades: for example, radio, TV and radar signals are radio waves. The scientific consensus is that, apart from the increased risk of a road accident due to mobile phone use when driving, there is no clear evidence of adverse health effects from the use of mobile phones or from phone masts. (Source: Health Protection Agency, Health Advice on Mobile Phones, May 2010).

A Wealth of Research

A large number of studies have been performed over the last two decades to assess whether mobile phones pose a potential health risk. To date, no adverse health effects have been established as being caused by mobile phone use. (Source: World Health Organisation Fact Sheet N°193, June 2011).